Thursday, November 14, 2019
Transcendental Critic of the Puritans Essay -- Analysis, Hawthorne
There is no hard definition for Transcendentalism; it varies depending on which group of Transcendentalist one talks to. Webster defines its purpose is to discover the nature of reality by investigating the thought process instead of the objects of sense. The Oxford dictionary implies that divinity can be found in all nature and humanity. Almost all definitions include a search for truth, spiritual goodness, and the nature of reality by studying nature by communing with the human soul or an analysis of the human soulÃ¢â¬â¢s interaction with the spirit of God. Also, according to Raziel Abelson, Transcendentalism Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦opposed the strict ritualism and dogmatic theology of all established religious institutionsÃ¢â¬ (qtd. in Ã¢â¬Å"Brook FarmÃ¢â¬ ). In 1841, a group of Transcendentalists established the Brook Farm formally known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Brook Farm Institute of Agriculture and EducationÃ¢â¬ ; among that group were American literary and religious leaders such as Amos Bronson Alcott, William Ellery Channing, Charles Anderson Dana, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Theodore Parker, and Orestes Augustus Brownson (Ã¢â¬Å"Brook FarmÃ¢â¬ ). It is because of the influence of the Transcendental movement that Hawthorne wrote Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The MinisterÃ¢â¬â¢s Black VeilÃ¢â¬ where he attempts to demonstrate (perhaps to the Puritan Church, certainly to all who read the stories) that the Puritan ChurchÃ¢â¬â¢s strict and unforgiving orthodoxy was not its greatest strength but its greatest weakness. In Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman Brown,Ã¢â¬ HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s overt use of spiritual/metaphysical allegory and symbolism is used to display the sinful nature of man and the possibly tragic consequences of the Puritan ChurchÃ¢â¬â¢s ridged and unwavering demand of sinless purity from its m... ...v. 2011. Hawthorne, Nathaniel. Ã¢â¬Å"The Minister's Black Veil, A Parable.Ã¢â¬ Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. Web. 25 November 2011. ---. Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman Brown.Ã¢â¬ Literature Reading, Reacting, Writing. Compact 7th Ed. Kirszner and Mandell. Boston: Wadsworth, 2010. Print. King James Version Bible. Philadelphia: The National Bible Press, 1958. Print. "Transcendentalism." (n.d.): Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia. Web. 24 Nov. 2011. "Transcendentalism n." The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Twelfth edition . Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press, 2008. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Amarillo College. Web. 27 November 2011 Ã¢â¬Å"Transcendentalism.Ã¢â¬ WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s new World Dictionary of the American Language. Second College Edition. New York: Simon and Shuster, 1984. Print.